Дискурсивный анализ текста

The text Hills Like White Elephants By Ernest Hemingway depicts the scene that happens on the railway station, when the couple waits for express train. They are drinking beer sitting in the bar near the station. The landscape they see is the valley of the Ebro River. It is the famous river in Spain. Thus, the reader understands that events take place in certain country. Let’s look how the author described picturesque view with the help of metaphors: Close against the side of the station there was the warm shadow of the building and a curtain, made of strings of bamboo beads, hung across the open door into the bar, to keep out flies. The author uses such expressive and metaphorical expressions as warm shadow of building, strings of bamboo beads.

The narration system of the analyzed text is built predominantly on dialogue of a man and girl, for example:

‘I might have,’ the man said. ‘Just because you say I wouldn’t have doesn’t prove anything.’

The man called ‘Listen’ through the curtain. The woman came out from the bar. ‘Four reales.’ ‘We want two Anis del Toro.’ ‘With water?’

Do you want it with water?’

As the events are happening in Spain, the author used Spanish words in order to emphasize this circumstance, for example, when the man mentions the name of a drink:  The girl looked at the bead curtain. ‘They’ve painted something on it,’ she said. ‘What does it say?’ ‘Anis del Toro. It’s a drink.’ ‘Could we try it?’ Anis del Toro is an anise liquor that tastes like licorice. Heavy drinking is featured in many of Hemingway’s stories, often as a means for the characters to avoid underlying issues. In this case, the alcohol serves as a means to avoid talking about the girl’s pregnancy both because of its effects and because it offers an idle conversation topic.

The text contains appeal to metaphorical symbol of white elephant: They were white in the sun and the country was brown and dry. ‘They look like white elephants,’ she said. ‘I’ve never seen one,’ the man drank his beer. ‘No, you wouldn’t have.’ The expression white elephant is stable symbol. A white elephant is something that is costly to maintain and difficult to get rid of, although it is typically also rare and very valuable, complicating the situation for their owners. Any number of things can be referred to by this term, from a palatial home to an extravagant necklace. The word has even inspired a form of gift exchange in which people attempt to get rid of their white elephants by finding other people who might want them. This expression is used as a part of simile, for example: ‘They’re lovely hills,’ she said. ‘They don’t really look like white elephants. I just meant the colouring of their skin through the trees.’ ‘Should we have another drink?’ ‘All right.’

The syntactic devices used in the text include parallel repetitions, for example, we see the repetition ofthe word water in the following fragment:

‘I don’t know,’ the girl said. ‘Is it good with water?’

‘It’s all right.’

‘You want them with water?’ asked the woman. ‘Yes, with water.’

Repetition in the text analyzed is used to create pun based on using the same word please seven times: ‘I’d do anything for you.’ ‘Would you please please please please please please please stop talking?’

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