The headline of the article I have read is “The Unique “Kobzar” with 30 child’s pictures will be published in Ukraine”. The article was published in “Gaseta.ua” on March 7, 2013.
The article is devoted to informing the reader about a new publication of “Kobzar” written by Taras Shevchenko to the 200th anniversary of the author. The newspaper starts by telling the reader that in order to create this book thirty best artistic works of schoolchildren from all regions of Ukraine within the framework of the festival “A way to Taras”, which have been taking place in Cherkasy, were selected for this purpose.
The newspaper writes that this new edition will be unique owing to the pictures made by schoolchildren, as they very well understand creative activity of Taras Shevchenko as a poet, artist and civil figure.
Further the newspaper reports that over 350 pictures and almost 80 decorative works were sent from all regions of Ukraine. The most active ones were schoolchildren from Kharkiv, Chernivsy, Sumy, Donetsk, Lugansk and Rivne regions.
In conclusion the newspaper says that jury of the festival has selected 80 works, represented at the exhibition in Cherkasy. From these works the best 12 works were selected. They will be included into “Kobzar” publication. Totally 8 works chosen by Internet users and 10 pictures of pupils of Cherkasy region will be also included into the book.
The newspaper concludes that the part of pictures, not included into “Kobzar”, will be published in special calendar, devoted to the 200th anniversary of Taras Shevchenko.
The article under review is from the newspaper “Gazeta.ua” entitled as “Kurchenko launders money through “Metalist” and Odessa Petroleum Refinery”.
The article is written by Iryna Rybakova. The article was published on March 11, 2013.
The article touches upon issues connected with money laundering by businessman Kurchenko.
The author starts by telling the readers that purchase of Petroleum Refinery at “Lukoil” is the second way in legalizing capital of this financial-industrial group unexpectedly appeared in Ukraine. Also the author stresses that the first was the purchase of football club “Metalist” from oligarch Olexandre Yaroslavskiy.
The article dwells upon schemes of laundering money. According to it the first scheme is “interrupted transit”. Under this scheme the oil with documents must by transit cross the border of Ukraine. However, when it is delivered in here, the documents are destroyed and the oil products are sold on the territory of Ukraine. By the words of author, the second scheme is “fictitious transit”. According to this scheme the oil products are exported from Ukraine abroad. In reality they are used here for production of petrol. Also the author states that, according to the third scheme named “ecological corruption” seemingly non-taxable biopetrol is imported through Theodosia base, which, in fact, is captured to the hands of the president’s son Oleksandre Yanukovich. Actually this petrol is not of “bio” type at all and it is sold at the refueling stations at that market price, which is currently accepted. At last the author describes the fourth scheme named as “privileged conditions of customs clearing of the gas”, which under individual contracts with Russian and Eastern-European countries received Kurchenko’s structures. While other suppliers of oil and gas products have delays in customs clearing, all gas passing through Kurchenko’s structures is cleared during one day.
The author concentrates around that this is the example of how Kurchenko goes in 3-years term the same way as passed by Akhmetov, Kolomoiskiy, Firtash and other oligarchs during 10-15 years. All this is owing to patronage of the son of general prosecutor Pshonka and the elder son of Yanukovich.
The author comes to the conclusion that from one side the purchase of Odessa Petroleum Refinery is a good step as this plant has chances to work. From the other side, the precedent of insolent money laundering in the criminal-corruptive way can’t be evaluated as good one.
The article under review is from the newspaper “Gazeta po Ukrainsky” entitled as “Dollar can’t serve as a currency for savings”. The article is written by Igor Lub’yanov. It was printed on March 7, 2013.
The article is devoted to the currency issues in the banking system of Ukraine.
The author starts by telling the readers that a deputy Evgen Sigul registered the bill that offered to introduce 25% income tax since 2014. The author states that earlier it was planned to introduce this tax in the amount of 5% since 2015.
The article emphasizes that this innovation cannot help domestic economy, instead it can damage it.
Further the author reports that in the words of president of the Association of Ukrainian banks Oleksandre Sugonyako there are 300 thousands of deposit accounts in the Ukrainian banks. The president states that if a person deposited 1000 under 10% annually, his income will amount 100 UAH a year. The state will take 25 UAH from it. The author explains that according to the president’s words, if somebody has 100 mln. on the account, he will be trying to find the way to avoid taxation and, thus, to save 2,5 mnl. for himself.
The article dwells upon issue of possibility of taxation of currency deposits only.
The author stresses the view that dollar must not be Ukrainian currency, in which savings are deposited.
The article goes on to say that the state must not add funds into Pension Fund at the expense of manipulations with deposits of its citizens. The author emphasizes that in the words of Association president this bill will be used to new deposits only, but he has no rely on the state in this question. He stresses that if the crisis comes, the state will transform foreign currency deposits into Ukrainian currency ones.
From the result it is concluded that trust to authorities can promote to crediting. If so, the rates of credits will be reduced. Instead the authorities intervene in the banking area and change rules constantly.
The article under review is from the newspaper “Golos Ukrainy” entitled as “How rural schoolchildren see their future”. The article is written by Iryna Kozak. It was published on March 11, 2013.
The main idea of the article is future opportunities of schoolchildren from rural localities. The article touches upon problems that new generation does not know where and how use their talents and possibilities in village. The article deals with the problems of low level of life, impossibility to find the job and absence of possibilities of career growth, which concern young people most of all.
The author starts by telling the readers about family of Any Zaverukha – a pupil of eleventh form in Grytsiv village in Shepetivskiy region. The family has own business, i.e. two stores, which serve the basic source of family income. The author states that Anya also dreams of continuing family case, but not in Grytsiv.
The author points out this segment of economy is so much thick there, that it is very difficult to see any perspectives for its development, as in small village approximately a hundred of entrepreneurs work in the area of trade and public nutrition.
Further the articles dwells upon story of village boy Volodya Pastukh. Almost eight years the boy lives at his grandparents, while his mother works abroad. The boy says that he is very lucky as he is not deprived of love and care of his relatives. He is glad that his mother has chance to work and get wages, but doesn’t want to repeat her destiny of foreign country unskilled worker. He also doesn’t want to work as unskilled worker at the construction objects or others’ fields, instead of it he dreams of becoming economist, mainly in a foreign enterprise. The author states that Volodya is going to receive education in Poland, where he wants to stay, if he would have the chance.
The article goes on to say the other story of a boy Dima Zhvalyuk. His father has been working for several years in Greece, providing money for his big family. However, when the crisis struck Greek economy, his father had to return in the village, where he couldn’t find job except for cattle housekeeping. So, his father had to look for a job in the capital of Ukraine, where he now works as a builder. Dima also wants to get education of a builder, as he hopes it would help him to receive a post of engineer.
Further the article focuses on the story of future programmer Sashko Juramaev. According to the author the boy says that he is ready to return to the village only in case, if he wouldn’t be able to survive in the city. He stresses that he is going to realize his abilities in some computer company. Now the family lives on pensions, received by the boy’s grandparents. His mother, having the status of entrepreneur, can’t earn for living by photo case, she is engaged into. His father is the leader of public association of Grytsiv renaissance. But this gives small wages.
Further the author reports the story of Oleg Liknarovich, a second-year student of local vocational school. He is going to be a tractor operator. The author points out that Oleg is very satisfied as along with diploma he also will get a driver certificate, which can also help him to earn for living. The most important for the boy now and for his family either is his scholarship in 270 UAH. Not everyone can earn such money in the village. The boy thinks that in future he can try working in “Svarog-Agro” company as a tractor operator, or if he would fail to find a job there, he can try continuing education in high school.
In conclusion the article says that if Grytsiv gives some hope for young people, then distance-located villages do not. This year 25 graduates of Grytsiv School will start looking for their way in life. It depends of the opportunities of small country, if some of them come back here.