Analysis of the text:
The text The End of the beginning is a story of the American writer Ray Bradbury. Ray Bradbury, American novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright, screenwriter and poet, was born August 22, 1920 in Waukegan, Illinois. He became a full-time writer in 1943, and contributed numerous short stories to periodicals before publishing a collection of them, Dark Carnival, in 1947. In all, Bradbury has published more than thirty books, close to 600 short stories, and numerous poems, essays, and plays. His short stories have appeared in more than 1,000 school curriculum “recommended reading” anthologies.
Bradbury uses stories to express an uncertainty about the future. “The End of the Beginning” demonstrates a concern about how the threat of nuclear attacks and the success of the space race will affect average Americans.
In “The End of the Beginning,” a father mows the lawn, and he and his wife later discuss their son’s journey into space. In this story the parents realize that their son’s future will be far different from their lives and wonder if the changes are a good end to their era.
The lexical diversity of the story includes lexical units denoting natural objects, for example: lawn, yard, sun, stars.
The homogenous parts of sentence in the story are use to name the object of one class or function, for example: He was his own son talking steadily, moving briskly to cover his pounding heart and the resurgent panics as he felt himself slip into fresh uniform, check food supplies, oxygen flasks, pressure helmet, space-suiting, and turn as every man on earth tonight turned, to gaze at the swiftly filling sky. In the example we see that the author uses homogenous parts of sentence for describing the ammunition of the character. Due to them Ray Bradbury describes the appearance of the character in a few masterful strokes.
The story contains the names of geographic lexical units: I mean it’s not that old thing again, is it, when people asked why men climbed Mt. Everest… Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in China as Chomolungma, is Earth’s highest mountain.
Due to the vivid stylistic colouring of some words, it is possible to form certain reaction or expression, for example: It shocked me, so I froze in the middle of the street. The verb to shock shows the intensification of fear, worry, and anxiety the person feels.
The author employs a number of stylistic devices that produce the strong effect on the readers’ minds. The author uses metaphors to make his idea more expressive, for example, he describes the objects of nature as living human beings: The fresh-cut grass that had showered his face and body died softly away. The grass has no face. It is a personification, when the inanimate object is appropriated with the features of human being.
Ray Bradbury uses repetitions of the words in order to emphasize it, for example: He heard the porch screen door tap shut and felt his wife watching him as he watched the night. Here we see repetition of the verb watch. It is expressed through participle and a verb in Past Simple.
The epithets are the core of any literary work, because they provide the author’s texts with emotional and emphatic descriptions. Describing the character Ray Bradbury uses the range of epithets, such as old, young, cold, warm: In the passing moments he felt very old, then very young, very cold, then very warm, now this, now that. Moreover, in this example, the author uses repetition of the adverb very that is applied for intensification of the description of the character’s physical characteristics. In the following example, the repetition of the participle no serves for expression of negation: Good lord, it can’t be done, it doesn’t exist, there’s no rocket, no proving ground, no take-off time, no technicians.
Except for metaphors and epithets, the similes are included in the complex of lexico-stylistic devices, for example: …it’s like waiting for the fireworks at Sisley Field every year.
In the analyzed story the phraseological units are used, for example: I keep thinking – a billion people watching the sky right now, their mouths all open at the same time. The phraseological unit mouths all open means “to be very surprised”.
The analyzed story contains slang words, i.e. colloquial units, used in the speech of certain groups, for example:
The types of the sentences employed in the narration are different. In complex they allow the author building up the dialogues. Thus, in the story the exclamatory (The whole thing’s too much for me!») and interrogative (Then what are you doing out here, staring?) sentences are used.
The story include intertextual elements, i.e. the fragments and images borrowed from the other texts, for example, Ray Bradbury names the lines from the lyrics of Louis Armstrong “Ezekiel Saw The Wheel”: “A wheel in a wheel. Way in the middle of the air” and “Little wheel run by faith, Big wheel run by the grace of God.”
Another intertextual element is Milky Way: He examined her face, pale in the vast powdering light of the Milky Way. The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System. Its name “milky” is derived from its appearance as a dim glowing band arching across the night sky whose individual stars cannot be distinguished by the naked eye. The term “Milky Way” is a translation of the Latin via lactea, from the Greek galaxías kýklos, “milky circle”.
The text contains pronouns, which the author applies to identify the characters (he, she, I), for example: I’m a billion years old, he told himself; I‘m one minute old. I’m one inch, no, ten thousand miles, tall. I look down and can’t see my feet they’re so far off and gone away below.
The oxymoron is represented in the name of story and in the following context: All I know is it’s really the end of the beginning. The words end and beginning are semantically opposite notions.
Summarizing the above-said it is possible to conclude that the whore variety of the lexico-stylistic devices used by Ray Bradbury helps the writer to create vivid images of the object and characters described.